I have a 2021 MacBook Pro with Apple M1 Pro chip. I tried to install tensor flow on it following the instruction of Apple here https://developer.apple.com/metal/tensorflow-plugin/ as well as many other instructions online but failed to make it work.
After trial and error, this is what worked for me.
python -m pip install tensorflow-macos==2.9
using python -m pip install tensorflow-metal==0.5.0
After this, you can test the installation using the example below. First, save the following code to a file such as test.py.
import tensorflow as tf import ssl ssl._create_default_https_context = ssl._create_unverified_context cifar = tf.keras.datasets.cifar100 (x_train, y_train), (x_test, y_test) = cifar.load_data() model = tf.keras.applications.ResNet50( include_top=True, weights=None, input_shape=(32, 32, 3), classes=100,) loss_fn = tf.keras.losses.SparseCategoricalCrossentropy(from_logits=True) model.compile(optimizer="adam", loss=loss_fn, metrics=["accuracy"]) model.fit(x_train, y_train, epochs=5, batch_size=64)
Then, test it using
To use tensorflow in R, first install the packages tensorflow and keras within R using
Then, create or open the
.Renviron file within your user directory, e.g., using
nano ~/.Renviron. Add the following in the file (this will allow R to find your python and tensorflow installation.
RETICULATE_PYTHON = "~/miniconda/bin/python"
Now, you can test whether it works or not within R using the example below (from the book Introduction to Machine Learning).
## Data library(ISLR2) ## install the package if not yet Gitters <- na.omit(Hitters) n <- nrow(Gitters) set.seed(13) ntest <- trunc(n / 3) testid <- sample(1:n, ntest) x <- scale(model.matrix(Salary ~ . - 1, data = Gitters)) y <- Gitters$Salary ## Now run a simple example library(keras) ## this is used to build the model ## first layer is the hidden layer with 50 nodes ## output one layer with one node active the linear activiation function modnn <- keras_model_sequential() %>% layer_dense(units = 50, activation = "relu", input_shape = ncol(x)) %>% layer_dropout(rate = 0.4) %>% layer_dense(units = 1, activation = "linear") summary(modnn) ## communicate with python modnn %>% compile(loss = "mse", optimizer = optimizer_rmsprop(), metrics = list("mean_absolute_error") ) ## conduct the analysis nn.fit.1layer <- modnn %>% fit( x[-testid, ], y[-testid], epochs = 1000, batch_size = 32, validation_data = list(x[testid, ], y[testid]) )
I built almost all my websites using PHP. Recently, I started to build simple HTML sites using Hugo, which was amazing. However, occasionally, I missed the flexibility of PHP for server side processing. I have tried to output PHP files instead of html files from Hugo but was not successful. Eventually, I resolved to make the change to the web server instead. Basically, one can change the setting of the server to parse .html files as php files. Several ways can be used. For example, one can use
.htaccess with the following
AddType application/x-httpd-php .html
One can also change the configure file to add the option for the directory.
Now, I can use Hugo together with PHP.
Software development often takes a lot of time but its impact is often difficult to evaluate. If you have developed an R package and upload it to CRAN, you might be able to get some download information but not a lot.
Since R studio hosts the CRAN mirror, it keeps tracking the download statistics of the R packages installed from the RStudio mirror and therefore provides some useful information. It also provides an R package -cranlogs- to get the information within R. Certainly, the information is not incomplete but at least it provides the developers some ideas on how their packages are used.
For example, the code below is used to get the download information in the past month of an R package coefficientalpha I developed.
library(cranlogs) cran_downloads('coefficientalpha', when='last-month') date count package 1 2019-04-08 15 coefficientalpha 2 2019-04-09 15 coefficientalpha 3 2019-04-10 25 coefficientalpha 4 2019-04-11 18 coefficientalpha 5 2019-04-12 25 coefficientalpha 6 2019-04-13 13 coefficientalpha 7 2019-04-14 11 coefficientalpha 8 2019-04-15 22 coefficientalpha 9 2019-04-16 15 coefficientalpha 10 2019-04-17 31 coefficientalpha 11 2019-04-18 11 coefficientalpha 12 2019-04-19 19 coefficientalpha 13 2019-04-20 14 coefficientalpha 14 2019-04-21 14 coefficientalpha 15 2019-04-22 19 coefficientalpha 16 2019-04-23 6 coefficientalpha 17 2019-04-24 21 coefficientalpha 18 2019-04-25 19 coefficientalpha 19 2019-04-26 7 coefficientalpha 20 2019-04-27 11 coefficientalpha 21 2019-04-28 13 coefficientalpha 22 2019-04-29 38 coefficientalpha 23 2019-04-30 14 coefficientalpha 24 2019-05-01 18 coefficientalpha 25 2019-05-02 18 coefficientalpha 26 2019-05-03 10 coefficientalpha 27 2019-05-04 3 coefficientalpha 28 2019-05-05 15 coefficientalpha 29 2019-05-06 58 coefficientalpha 30 2019-05-07 39 coefficientalpha
sudo zcat /var/log/apache2/access-advstats.*.gz | sudo goaccess /var/log/apache2/access-advstats.log -o report.html --log-format=COMBINED
Note. Everything on this blog only reflects my personal view which may or may not be true and is not related to any organization or institute.
Flatten comments in Acrobat Pro
Bring up the Preflight tool (search preflight), then use the “Flatten annotations and field” in the “PDF Fixups” (search flatten) category.